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Pathways Careers of Technology

 

 

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Reflection: This is one of My technology assignment, I want to share the information to people who like to learn Technology in future. This assignment shows the pathways and careers of Technology, the pathways has Apprenticeship, college, and University, different pathways shows different careers. Also my assignment provide the daily activity of different careers, and different pathways.

Electrician

Apprenticeship

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Daily activities

  1. Detect and test Equipment, Structures or Material – detect and test equipment, structures, or materials to identify to identify the errors or defects or the other problems.
  1. Communicating with people of outside of supervisors and peers- communicating with people who are outside of the company, and representing the company to customers, the government, the public, or others. The information can communicate by telephone or e-mail.

 

  1. Drafting and laying out for specifying technical devices, parts and equipment- provide documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or detailed specifications to show others about how to fabricate, construct, assemble, modify, maintain, or used for the devices, parts, equipment, or structures.
  1. Help and care for customers, coworkers and others- providing personal help, medical attention, or emotional support to coworkers, or customers.
  1. Training and Teaching others- tech the educational needs of others, developing formal education or training programs, and instructing others.
  1. Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment- checking, Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing mechanical equipment, devices and parts for operate primarily on the basis of mechanical principles.
  1. Woking administrative activities- working for day-to-day administrative tasks, like plan, organize and complete the tasks.
  2. Resolving Conflicts with coworkers or consumers- dealing complaints, and solving disputes, and resolving conflicts or other ways negotiating with others.
  1. Explaining the meanings of the information to others- can understanding the means of the information, and then translating or interpreting the means of information and how it can be used to others.
  1. Recording information- entering, transcribing, writing or maintain information in the written or electronic form.

Pathways

To be accepted into program of electrician students need high school diploma, with courses in math, chemistry, physics, and English. Most electricians have to training through a 4 or 5-year apprenticeship, which combine in-school course training and on-the-job training. The program of electricians normally takes at a college or vocational school. Such as North American Trade Schools, students just need completed high school, and have a personal interview with school, and then students can get into school start the Electrical Technology Training. The required and elective courses you would take in the program of Electrician: Accounting, Applied Mathematics, Digital Communications, Electrical Networks, Safety and Semiconductor Devices.

When students completed their electrical apprenticeship training students can certify they are journeyperson electrician and they can carry out work by passing an exam which called C of Q and set by the provinces or country. Some electrician are worked for 5 years and have graduated from related high school, or apprenticeship training, they also can take that the C of Q certification exam.Certification to work in a trade in Ontario is named a Certificate of Qualification, it is C of Q. The legislation that regulates Industrial Electricians is the Apprenticeship and Certification Act. It is available through Training Division Apprenticeship office of vocational school or college. Electrician who pass this exam are awarded the Red Seal, which mean they are professional electrician and work in other provinces without having to re-certify.

 

Interior Designer

College

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Daily Activities

  1. Before starting an interior design project, interior designer need meet with their consumers to get an idea of the consumer’s style for the space they want be designing and the budget. When the project is in progress, interior designers always meet with their consumers on-site to discuss the project’s design and progress.
  1. During the beginning of the design project, consumers and design need to come up with a budget for their design project. The budget will include everything of the design program need, such as pillows and candles. The interior designer must keep the consumer’s budgets not overspent, if it overspending they have to contact with consumers.
  1. Before starting the project working, interior designers need create inspiration boards to shows ideas of look they want to create for consumers. Using the fabric swatches and photographs, the boards to shows designer’s plans and give a visual image in consumer’s mind. The proceed of inspiration boards usually need written proposals. 
  1. Interior designers always contact with vendors. They need spend time for shopping at such fabric or furniture stores for buy items to use for their projects. And sometimes the items has to be custom ordered, interior designers have to work with vendors to obtain.
  1. Research the products, e.g. fitting, furniture, lights, finishes, and dressings, and then provide samples for consumers.
  1. Interior Designers have to Work for detailed working drawings, designs, plans, models and schemes of your project, which are always using computer-aided design (CAD) software.
  1. Interior Designers need working with quantity surveyors to establish costs and manage time on larger projects, with architects, manufacturers, and contractors to determine the best way to use the space.
  1. Advise consumers on some factors by interior design, such as space planning, layout and utilization of furnishings or the equipment, and the color coordination.
  1. Collaborate with licensed practitioners in the areas of the technical, mechanical, electrical, and load-bearing design, which need required for regulatory approval.
  1. Interior designers have to relieve the stress of dealing with the vendors and take the responsibility if the consumers have problems. Interior designer have to overcome all obstacles.

Pathways

Interior designers need at least high school diploma with courses in Math, English, Visual Arts, Computers, Drafting and Design, and Housing Studies. For the first step to being a certified designer is to finish an accredited college interior design program. For Bachelor of Interior Design of Humber College, the admission requirements need Ontario Secondary School Diploma (OSSD), Grade 12U English (ENG4U) with a minimum grade of 65%, Any Grade 11 or Grade 12 U or M Mathematics with a minimum grade of 60%, and four Grade 12 U or M courses in addition to those listed above, with a minimum 65% overall average. Three year Interior Design advanced diploma graduated are eligible for advanced standing which are in the Bachelor of Interior Design degree program. The most things students have to learn in college are instruction in the history of design, sustainable design, lighting, drafting, colour theory, computer-assisted design (CAD), and general business and marketing practices.

Secondly, students must acquire the certain amount of entry-level experience under supervision of a qualified interior designer; and the approximately 6 to 7 years of education and work experience is generally needed.

Finally, to being a certified interior designer is to pass a certification exam, the National Council for Interior Design Qualification (NCIDQ) which is the recognized examination throughout North America. The NCIDQ examination test an applicant has the knowledge of interior design and experience in order to create interior are not just aesthetically pleasing, it also are safe and functional. The Canadian Decorator Association (CDECA) is the most influential Association representing decorators in Canada. CDECA is a professional and not-for-profit association, which is representing students, accredited decorators, designers, and affiliate business across Canada. ARIDO is the only self-regulatory professional association for interior designers in Canada, and it also is the largest professional association of interior designers in Canada. ARIDO is to serve the interests of the public and the interior design industry. ARIDO is through registering interior designers who meet an established standard of education, experience and examination. After passing the exams, interior designers must have an acceptable of full-time work experience.

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Architect

University

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Daily Activities

  1. Communicate information and ideals to manufactures and suppliers. And Contact and coordinate suppliers and manufactures when the materials meet some problems.
  1. Prepare drawings and specification document for making drafts, layouts and designing the plan and making scaled drawings of project.
  1. Prepare information and organize work of design, color, structure specifications, estimated costs, materials, equipment, and construction time.
  1. Prepare and present feasibility reports and design proposals to the consumers. And check the project form beginning till end to make sure all the specifications of design, quality and consumer’s need.
  1. The architect will working with various computer programs and building designs as proposals for the customers, generally using a computer-generated sketching program called Computer-Assisted Design and Drafting (CAAD) to create blueprints.
  1. Architect need always checking the progress of project, to make sure that the project is running on time and to budget.
  1. Resolving the all problems that occur during construction. When architect will work with contractors, and construction managers to obtain permits, answer questions regarding the plan of project or solve the problems as they arise.
  1. Understanding of construction materials, architectural documentation, and communication techniques are critical to this process. It is important when architect working at utilize various software programs during the design and documentation process.
  1. For larger projects, architect will put work out to tender, selecting a contractor and manager and leading cross-functional teams.
  1. On the large projects, architect may monitor and check work and equipment on-site.

Pathways

To be accepted into program of architect you need high school diploma, math, architectural history and theory, construction methods, and building design. Bachelor’s degree programs take about 4 years to complete, while master’s degree programs can range from 1 to 4 years in length. For Laurentian University, architecture program is 4 years degree, the admission requirements includes Ontario Secondary School Diploma (OSSD), Grade 12 English (ENG4U), two 4U math courses, and minimum average of 75% in top six U or M courses. Degree program of master are only available to students who are a bachelor’s degree in architecture or related subject.

To become a licensed architect, you need get the right education and work experience, and pass the professional exam. Most complete a bachelor’s or master’s degree in architecture. Other way to becoming an architect by enrolling an apprenticeship program with the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada (RAIC), that program approximately 10 years of courses. When you finish your education, you must working for about 3 years under the supervision of a licensed architect and passing a professional exam.

The Ontario Association of Landscape Architects (OALA) is a self-regulating processional association. the OALA is governed by an elected and appointed Council includes 15 members representing full members, the educators from the Universities of Guelph and University of Toronto, represent their universities and the general public though the lay councillor. The Ontario Association of Architects is a self-regulating organization governed by the Architects Act, which is a statute of the government of Ontario devoted to promoting and increasing the knowledge, skills and proficiency of the members and the administering the Architects Act is toward that the public interest may be protected and served.

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Introduce the 3D printer

This is the one of my assignment, which is introduce the 3D printer. In our world, we need technology and also technology bring us convenient life. The 3D printer is the most popular technology product, and my assignment introduce the basic information of the 3D printing.

How does it work?

3D printing is a process of making a three-dimensional solid object of any shape from a digital model, and created three-dimensional parts through an additive layer-by-layer process. 3D printing is different from traditional matching techniques, it mostly base on the removal of material by methods such as cutting or drilling. The 3D printing technology is used in jewellery, footwear, industrial design, architecture, automotive, medical industries, and many other fields.

For ProJet 6000/7000 Materials, it prints the highest quality parts available, delivers the toughest production applications and has wide range of engineered functional materials. VisiJet Flex is a Polypropylene-like look and feel and High flexibility material; VisiJet Tough is ABS-like performance and high durability and impact strength material; VisiJet Clear is a polycarbonate -like look and feel, stiff and durable, and USP Class VI capable material. VisiJetHiTemp is a high temperature resistance to 130°C+ (266°F+), humidity and chemically resistant, long term stable properties material. VisiJet e-Stone is amaterial for extreme accuracy and repeatability, mechanical properties optimized for dental models, replaces dental stone for Orthodontic working and study models and it is the Ideal for crown and bridge restorations. VisiJet Black is a material for exceptional surface finish and high definition accuracy. VisiJet Jewel is a material for direct casting of jewellery patterns, it models requiring high detail and excellent resolution and accuracy.

Tech Design 3D Priting 2

Who’s leading the way?

  • 1. Nike Company use 3D Printing to made the Vapor Laser Talon soccer Shoe, it is the first shoe by manufacture that to use 3D printing for product. The Nike Vapor Laser Talon is 3D printed using selective laser sintering to produce an ultra-light weight football shoe and it only 159 grams of weight. The New 3D printed shoe is contoured to allow soccer athletes to maintain their drive position longer and more efficiently, helping them accelerate faster.

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  • 2. Nokia Company uploaded a design for the shell of a Nokia Lumia 820 that can be 3D printed. We can see at MakerBot and took the liberty to adapt the design to work perfectly on the MakerBot Replicator 2 Desktop 3D Printer.
  • 3. NFC Company Flomio provides a new service that embeds an NFC tag into a 3D printed model custom designed by you. The make process is simple; you just send Flomio s STL formatted file of your modeled project, and choose the size; NFC tag and plastic color. Then if you agree the price of Flomio, they will point out your model, tag it, test it and sent to you. This service marks a beautiful blending of smart technology and 3D printing.

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  •  4. EADS (European Aerospace and Defence Group), the Air-bike is grown with nylon powder using a process called additive layer manufacturing, which 3D printing. This way the parts can reduce 65 percent in weight while at the same strength of steel or aluminum. However EADS does say there are still some ways to go before we can print our own custom bikes.

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  • 5. MakerBot Industries is a Brooklyn, New York-based Company; BrePettis, Adam Mayer, and Zach Smith producing 3D printers. MakerBot builds on the early progress of the RepRap Project at the goal of bringing desktop 3D printing into the home with an affordable price. MAKERBOT REPLICATOR is a full-featured desktop 3D printer in your home or office: A super flat build plate, a draft-blocking enclosure, and completely re-engineered dual extruders.

What are the challenges it will create?

  1. The 3D printing is the best known for creating colourful toys and models; however enthusiasts are working on design files that would allow anyone to print a working gun. The attention get increase on printable guns comes as Defense Distributed is approaching a firing test, said by Cody Wilson, who is a University of Texas. That is on the outcome of those testing, 3D-printing companies, file-hosting sites, and law enforcement and legislative groups may have to tackle a challenging set of questions regarding the manufacture and regulation of firearms.
  2. The 3D printing is still making that transition. The material costs to print a 3D wrench could costs hundreds of dollars to print. The ink cartridge equivalents of today’s printers are extremely expensive—about $5 for each cubic inch of thermoplastic material. The machine itself is another $20,000 to $50,000 dollars. Before 3D printers become household appliances, they will revolutionize retail. By reducing product shipments to stores with in-house 3D printers, companies will drastically improve their supply chain efficiency.
  3. The 3D printing is quickly becoming an industrial revolution. But, piracy threatens the livelihood of both professional designers and brands. Illegal design blueprints are being distributed online and a number of cease-and-desist orders have been issued to websites allowing this new form of piracy. FABULONIA provide a new approach is presented at Mobile World Congress at Stand 8.1C40 and is the answer to how to foster the creativity of 3D printing and it can protect the intellectual property of designers.
  4. For now, Patent holders may see 3D printers as threats, and they may try to sue makers of the printers or the distributors of Computer-Aided Design blueprints, the paper from digital rights group Public Knowledge. However there are no real legal challenges to 3D printing now, some may come as the technology becomes more popular. The proposed Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA), with 37 nations negotiating new intellectual property protections, could make it more legally difficult to reverse-engineer products in a lot of countries.
  5. The CAD which called Computer-Aided Design, the 3D printing was lack of CAD skills. To print some models, you normally need a model created in CAD software. The skills for creating 3D models have a high initial learning curve, and hence there are not many designers out there. Thus we need more people designing so that there are more things to print.
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Like or Dislike of condo floor plan

 This is one of my Technology assignment, i post them to my blog, because i want to share the dislike and like of condo floor plan.

I like the condo design, because the doors face the dinner room and living room that make people sense the place lager. And the most thing I likes is the bathroom, even though there is only one bathroom, it still open the door for visitors that they can use the bathroom by not across the bedroom. For the dinner room and living room, I think it too crowd, because the kitchen take too much space, thus the living room too small. →

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I like the Condo design, because there have two big bedrooms; and I also like the storage which is very important for tenants to organza their substances. But there only one bathroom, that will bring the inconvenient for tenants when one in bathroom and other one also want use the bathroom.

BentTreeFP

 

 

I like the condo plans, because the designer make all spaces useful and distributes spaces for each place, such as there have two big bedrooms, two bathrooms and two big closets. The only thing I don’t like is the dining room are near the door of bathroom that will make me feel uncomfortable.→

BentTreeFP

 

That is good condo design, because in that small space, 835 Sq. it also design two bedrooms, two bathrooms and everything should have. However I don’t really like this design. Firstly, when the visitors come to the apartment the door of bathroom is face them; I think it will feel visitors feel bad. Secondly, the bedroom of the top left corner which is too far for goes to bathroom, people who live in that room has across dinner room and kitchen, then arrive the bathroom.→

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The only thing I like for the condo design is the kitchen, because there use open kitchen which can save the spaces; and there combine the kitchen and the dinner room at a small space which also save the spaces. The first thing I don’t like of the condo floor plan that is the entry door is meet a wall, when people come in the apartment they see a wall face them that will make they have short view for the apartment. The second thing I don’t like is the bottom-left corner, the space that out of bathroom, there nothing and I think that space should be useful and cannot waste.→

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I like the condo floor plan. There has a bathroom can for public and also near the bedroom; and there use the spaces proper; and there has big terrace which is my favourite. The only things should be change is the kitchen, I think the kitchen can make creative just like last one we see which is combine the dinner room and kitchen perfect.→

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The condo floor plan has two bathrooms for public, which is good when there has many visitors. And the condo floor plan uses every space and not waste any spaces and it also make storage which is so convenient for tenants. However, the door of the bathroom is face to the dinner room, if I seat at that dinner room I can’t eat anything.→

BentTreeFP

This condo floor plan is my favourite. There have two bathrooms and two bedrooms and even one of the bathrooms is for public and it still near the bedroom. The all spaces are useful and not waste any spaces. Only thing I don’t like is the dinner room, there is little crowd.

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My 3D BUNGALOW

This is my bungalow, which was made by 3D Google Sketch up.  1 2

From those pictures, there shows my bungalow has two bedrooms and two bathroom, kitchen, living room, dinner room, and the center place which is relax place.

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For this pictures, there has stairs besides the living room, that stairs is the only way to going to basement.

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Those pictures shows the roof of my Bungalow, and there has a glass window in my roof which can make the people of inside bungalow can get light and sunshine.

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Envisioning the future of education technology

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Why look at education?

Education lies at a peculiar crossroad in society. On one hand it has the responsibility of anticipating real-life skills by preparing us for an increasingly complex world – but education methodologies can only be formalized after practices have been defined. This dichotomy is particularly aggravated when it comes to technology, where fast-paced innovation and perpetual change is the only constant.

This visualization attempts to organize a series of emerging technologies that are likely to influence education in the upcoming decades. Despite its inherently speculative nature, the driving trends behind the technologies can already be observed, meaning it’s a matter of time before these scenarios start panning out in learning environments around the world.

 

Reflection: This big picture shows the ways the students who are taking Technology can going to be in future, it provide a lot of careers and pathways to let people to see the technology has good career’s future. Our life need technology, our society need people who are working for the Technology things!

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2 Predictions For The Future Of Education Technology

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Long story short, most edtech startups are the same. From where I’m standing, the biggest verticals in education that startups are tackling are in the form of ‘big data’ and ‘apps’ and ‘online learning.’ All great things but it would appear that everyone and their mother just discovered that there’s gold in them thar edtech hills. While most startups begin with an honorable goal and worthwhile effort, most fail. That’s just the story of startups. We don’t have 4,000 different Facebooks, do we?There’s only one Instagram, Twitter, and Google. There are certainly copycats, spinoffs, and other versions of all these major players … but there’s only one big kahuna for each sector.

Bear with me, I swear I’m not rambling here.

So we’ve established that there is really only one king of certain sectors. For the edtech world, those are easy to quickly rattle off: Edmodo, Twitter, Khan Academy, Evernote, iPads, and a few other big names we talk about all day long on Edudemic.

These big names are doing a swell job at helping education usually making heaps of money at the same time. So, bully for them. But what about the other would-be leaders? The 1,000+ startups that all want a piece of the edtech pie? What does the future look like for them?

I’m glad you asked, dear reader. (Also, thanks for making it down this far in the article. We haven’t even answered the headline for this article so kudos to you!) The future of education technology is not a new app, tool, or teaching method. I love flipping my iPad to IWB my PD as much as the next guy, but it’s not the tech that’s important here.

Option #1: Big Names Stay Big

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The first potential future of education technology is most likely to happen. It involves the big names remaining big in their respective industries.Apple, Google, Evernote, etc. Each of these brands will continue to innovate and schools around the world will adopt whatever they roll out. Mind you, not everyone will adopt everything. But it’ll essentially be business as usual. Apple will come out with an iPad 9 and your child’s school will, one year later, say that they’re adopting 900 iPad 9s for K-12. Sounds just like this year … and last year … and the year before. People love their iPads.

So what will happen to the many edtech startups as the big names stay big? Companies like Edmodo and Grockit continue to dominate headlines on TechCrunch, the New York Times, and the like? Well, they continue to nibble at the scraps left by the big names. After all, no one company is ever able to eat 100% of the pie. Look at Apple for example. They try to eat the entire pie and then Google came along to snap up more than half of their pie. That’s the nature of open markets.

So this is basically the ‘business as usual’ option which the education world should be quite accustomed to at this point. After all, you can’t swing an iPhone without hitting a story about the current ‘disruption’ happening in education. But that’s mostly where any change is happening. In the media and in the headlines. Most teachers I’ve spoken with over the past several months describe either a big uphill battle to get any proper technology integration or they just talk about standardized testing. Not exactly a massive disruption, in my opinion.

Option #2: Actual Disruption

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If we were to see some actual disruption and change in education, it’d start happening very soon. It would take the form of the big players in edtech slowly ceding more and more pieces of the proverbial edtech pie to startups and other organizations. For example, Apple would see their presence in the classroom erode thanks to new tabletslike the Amplify Tablet, a custom-built tablet designed for classrooms. I saw quite a few negative comments to the Amplify tablet and actually some pretty angry people at a recent conference talking about how tablets in general are beyond the ‘buzzword’ phase and are simply costing school districts more money than they have. Personally, I think tablets can be very useful and powerful learning tools in the hands of a quality teacher / facilitator.

But whatever your opinion, the important part is that people are talking about non-Apple tablets. They’re talking about a tablet that was built by a much smaller company that could theoretically replace costly iPads. In this option, those upstart options actually take over the spots currently held by Apple and the other big names. Whether it turns into total fragmentation of the edtech market or simply more choices for teachers, admins, and students … it’s a new scenario for the education world. Actual options!

The exciting part about this second option for the future of education technology is that it actually might happen. Emphasis on might. Apple’s market share is eroding and there are many (MANY) startups looking to take just a slice of the Apple education pie. So if you want to be a fortune teller and try to predict if this second option actually happens, here’s how to start reading the tea leaves:

Keep an eye on the new non-Apple and other big name options. For example, if the Amplify tablet takes off even a little bit, that’s likely a harbinger of things to come. On the flip side, if the Amplify tablet and other devices start to dwindle OLPC-style, then we’re likely continuing on business-as-usual for quite some time.

In Summary

So whatever happens, the smart money is on the big names staying big. But I wouldn’t count out the droves of startups looking to actually disrupt education. That disruption would take the form of actually replacing the big edtech names with others. But it’d be exciting to watch and could mean an improved education experience for all.

 

Reflection: This blog shows the own opinions about the futures education of Technology, but i think it is make sense. It shows connect think of the people’s thoughts with the real company needed or did.

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The future of IT will be focus to three types of jobs

Takeaway: The IT profession and the IT job market are in the midst of seismic changes that are going to shift the focus to three types of jobs.

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There’s a general anxiety that has settled over much of the IT profession in recent years. It’s a stark contrast to the situation just over a decade ago. At the end of the 1990s, IT pros were the belles of the ball. The IT labor shortage regularly made headlines and IT pros were able to command excellent salaries by getting training and certification, job hopping, and, in many cases, being the only qualified candidate for a key position in a thinly-stretched job market. At the time, IT was held up as one of the professions of the future, where more and more of the best jobs would be migrating as computer-automated processes replaced manual ones.

Unfortunately, that idea of the future has disappeared, or at least morphed into something much different.

The glory days when IT pros could name their ticket evaporated when the Y2K crisis passed and then the dot com implosion happened. Suddenly, companies didn’t need as many coders on staff. Suddenly, there were a lot fewer startups buying servers and hiring sysadmins to run them.

Around the same time, there was also a general backlash against IT in corporate America. Many companies had been throwing nearly-endless amounts of money at IT projects in the belief that tech was the answer to all problems. Because IT had driven major productivity improvements during the 1990s, a lot of companies over-invested in IT and tried to take it too far too fast. As a result, there were a lot of very large, very expensive IT projects that crashed and burned.

When the recession of 2001 hit, these massively overbuilt IT departments were huge targets for budget cuts and many of them got hit hard. As the recession dragged out in 2002 and 2003, IT pros mostly told each other that they needed to ride out the storm and that things would bounce back. But, a strange thing happened. IT budgets remained flat year after year. The rebound never happened.

Fast forward to 2011. Most IT departments are a shadow of their former selves. They’ve drastically reduced the number of tech support professionals, or outsourced the help desk entirely. They have a lot fewer administrators running around to manage the network and the servers, or they’ve outsourced much of the data center altogether. These were the jobs that were at the center of the IT pro boom in 1999. Today, they haven’t totally disappeared, but there certainly isn’t a shortage of available workers or a high demand for those skill sets.

That’s because the IT environment has changed dramatically. More and more of traditional software has moved to the web, or at least to internal servers and served through a web browser. Many technophobic Baby Boomers have left the workforce and been replaced by Millennials who not only don’t need as much tech support, but often want to choose their own equipment and view the IT department as an obstacle to productivity. In other words, today’s users don’t need as much help as they used to. Cynical IT pros will argue this until they are blue in the face, but it’s true. Most workers have now been using technology for a decade or more and have become more proficient than they were a decade ago. Plus, the software itself has gotten better. It’s still horribly imperfect, but it’s better.

So where does that leave today’s IT professionals? Where will the IT jobs of the future be?

1. Consultants

Let’s face it, all but the largest enterprises would prefer to not to have any IT professionals on staff, or at least as few as possible. It’s nothing personal against geeks, it’s just that IT pros are expensive and when IT departments get too big and centralized they tend to become experts at saying, “No.” They block more progress than they enable. As a result, we’re going to see most of traditional IT administration and support functions outsourced to third-party consultants. This includes a wide range from huge multi-national consultancies to the one person consultancy who serves as the rented IT department for local SMBs. I’m also lumping in companies like IBM, HP, Amazon AWS, and Rackspace, who will rent out both data center capacity and IT professionals to help deploy, manage, and troubleshoot solutions. Many of the IT administrators and support professionals who currently work directly for corporations will transition to working for big vendors or consultancies in the future as companies switch to purchasing IT services on an as-needed basis in order to lower costs, get a higher level of expertise, and get 24/7/365 coverage.

2. Project managers

Most of the IT workers that survive and remain as employees in traditional companies will be project managers. They will not be part of a centralized IT department, but will be spread out in the various business units and departments. They will be business analysts who will help the company leaders and managers make good technology decisions. They will gather business requirements and communicate with stakeholders about the technology solutions they need, and will also be proactive in looking for new technologies that can transform the business. These project managers will also serve as the company’s point of contact with technology vendors and consultants. If you look closely, you can already see a lot of current IT managers morphing in this direction.

3. Developers

By far, the area where the largest number of IT jobs is going to move is into developer, programmer, and coder jobs. While IT used to be about managing and deploying hardware and software, it’s going to increasingly be about web-based applications that will be expected to work smoothly, be self-evident, and require very little training or intervention from tech support. The other piece of the pie will be mobile applications — both native apps and mobile web apps. As I wrote in my article, We’re entering the decade of the developer, the current changes in IT are “shifting more of the power in the tech industry away from those who deploy and support apps to those who build them.” This trend is already underway and it’s only going to accelerate over the next decade.

Reflection: This articles shows the different ways of technology careers, and focus the society problems of the technology future. The TIME is change everyday, the trends of careers still change everyday.